HANOVER. CONSTRUCTION AND RECONSTRUCTION
AFTER THE SECOND WORLD WAR Polytechnic University of
Research work on the history of the reconstruction of the city of Hanover.
Hanover was one of the hardest hit cities in the Second World War. 51.2% of the
buildings were completely destroyed and 43.6% damaged. Only 5.2% remained intact.
At the beginning of the war had a population of 472 000 inhabitants. After the war,
this number was reduced to 217 000.
One of the examples discussed, Leineschloss. The new parliament reuses the remains
left by the bombing, the porch and the right wing, to re-build and expand inside the building with
a new left wing, a contemporary intervention which was completed in 1962.
Wasserkunst, water pump next to the late nineteenth Leineschloss, survived the bombing with little damage,
but was demolished in 1964 to make visual room for the new parliament.
Aegidienkirche church lost its cover and inside during one of the bombings of 1943. As a reminder
of the horrors of war, his remains stay in the city center.
A different case was the Leibnizhaus. Destroyed after the bombing, because of its importance his
remains were moved and rebuilt next to the Museum of History.
But the reconstruction continues today. In 2007 the City of Hanover decided, after decades of debate,
to rebuild the palace of Herrenhauser, destroyed during the war. The Volkswagen Foundation will invest 20 million euros for
the reconstruction in excahnge to use the building for 99 years.